Participatory Chinatown: Promoting Civic Engagement Favorite 

Date: 

May 6 2010

Location: 

Online
Taken from Boston Globe Article:

WHILE PUBLIC participation is a hallmark of urban planning in Boston, it normally takes the form of long, often windy meetings. In the era of augmented-reality apps and Google Earth, planners need more creative ways to figure out what’s on people’s minds. A new effort called Participatory Chinatown offers an intriguing alternative. It uses a 3-D computer game to promote discussion of — and solicit comments about — the decisions facing the neighborhood.

The game, which goes live this week at participatorychinatown.org, is a joint initiative by the new media program at Emerson College, the Asian Community Development Corporation, and the Metropolitan Area Planning Council. One phase of the game asks players to look at the neighborhood through the eyes of a fictitious character seeking work, social interaction, or a place to live. Another phase asks players to offer ideas for underdeveloped land between Chinatown and the South End.

About 45 people with homes, jobs, or community ties to Chinatown previewed the game at an unveiling event Monday evening. Players had to contemplate their basic priorities: Is it more important that the neighborhood be walkable, or preserve its Chinese identity? Other issues were more nitty-gritty: Should Shawmut Street, Washington Street, or Harrison Avenue be the southern gateway into Chinatown? Players’ responses should prove helpful to the Boston Redevelopment Authority, which is updating its master plan for Chinatown.

While Participatory Chinatown isn’t a substitute for community-planning meetings, it does highlight some shortcomings of the traditional approach. Not everyone participates equally in such meetings. Developers, dogged activists, and retirees are always well-represented. People who work late are not. Computer games attract a different audience. At the unveiling event, many game players were in their 20s; some were only 14. People of all ages will be able to play it at home, when they choose.

The Chinatown game didn’t come cheap — a $170,000 grant from the MacArthur Foundation helped it along — but creating such simulations will get easier over time. Historically, citizens have participated in planning mainly by watching a consultant outline a plan and then responding to it. A richer approach could produce better decisions.


Trailer for the game:

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From interview with creator:

The game includes two major components.  In the first, you pick a character and are tasked with one of three quests: find a job, find a home, or find a social space.  To do this, you wander around the environment and collect cards that are given to you by other players, NPCs, or by finding the place in the environment.  The card has information about a job, home or social network.  There are a total of nine cards that can be collected in the course of 30 minutes.  Once this part is complete, players are asked to rank their cards in order of their character's preference.  Once all players have submitted their requests, they are told which card they received.  Some may get their first choice, some may not, and some might not get anything.  From here, the players are asked to discuss what happened, the experience of their character and why they think their character succeeded or didn't.  After this discussion, the players return to the game, this time as themselves (not as their character).  They are asked to play another card game, where they prioritize values for the future of the neighborhood.  Based on these values, and the chosen values of everyone in the room, the group is assigned one of three planning scenarios.  The group then enters that scenario (which shows a future version of the neighborhood) and is prompted to answer nine questions.  Once they do this, they are reassembled to discuss their answers and how their character's experience might have influenced that decision.
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